dahoon holly
Ilex cassine
  • LEAVES: simple, alternate, persistent; stiff, oval; toothed margins with small spiny tips from the middle of the leaf to the apex; glossy, medium to dark green
  • FLOWER: inconspicuous greenish-white; axillary; April to May
  • FRUIT: berry-like drupe, small (1/4 inch. diameter); can be produced in great quantities; some persisting until spring; bright-red to bright-yellow
  • TWIGS:
  • BARK:
  • FORM: small, evergreen tree; 12 to 36 feet tall; crown spread can be 8 to 15 feet in diameter
  • HABITAT: moist woods; cypress ponds; marsh margins; bays
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative Wetland (FACW): Usually occurs in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: southeast US
  • USES: extremely valuable source of food for many overwintering songbirds; also for other wildlife like quail and wild turkey
  • Best Recognition Features:

    NOTE: dahoon holly is similar to American holly (especially its fruit and flowers); however, leaves are not as leathery and the leaf margins are not as thorny as the American holly