downy serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea
  • LEAVES: alternate, simple, deciduous, 2 to 3.5 inch long; rounded base, apex abruptly tapered, widest at or above middle; margins finely serrate
  • FLOWER: white, 1 inch diameter, on showy drooping racemes near end of twigs
  • FRUIT: pome, reddish purple, round, 1/3 inch; persistent calyx; matures early summer
  • TWIGS: slender, flexible, no spur shoots; leaf scar v-shaped; bundle scars: 3
  • BARK: ashy gray; sometimes streaked; smooth, becoming furrowed with age
  • FORM: small tree; less than 40 feet tall; irregularly-shaped crown
  • HABITAT: upland well-drained slopes; mesic; rocky slopes; pine stands
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative Upland (FACU): Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: eastern US
  • USES: ornamental; birds use fruit
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. cordate leaf base
    2. finely serrate margin
    3. long petiole