eastern white pine
Pinus strobus
  • LEAVES: needles in fascicles of 5; 2.5-5.0 inches long; flexible, thin; deciduous sheath
  • FRUIT: 4-8 inches, stalked; umbo terminal, un-armed
  • TWIGS:
  • BARK: smooth and dark green when young, becoming scaly and dark (like spruce pine) when older
  • FORM: branches whorled; large tree 100 feet x 3 feet DBH; maximum height: 220 feet x 6 feet DBH (diameter at breast height: 4.5 ft)
  • HABITAT: best development on moist loamy soils; classic “old-field pine” in the northeast
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative Upland (FACU): Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: Lake States, Nebraska, US and Canada, south along the Appalachian Mountains to Georgia
  • USES: excellent quality wood: light, strong, light colored; severely damaged by white pine blister rust and white pine weevils; both problems limit use in plantations,
  • USES: 
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. fascicles of 5; thin flexible needles
    2. cone unarmed; umbo terminal
    3. whorled branches