rattan vine
Berchemia scandens (Hill) K. Koch
  • LEAVES:deciduous, alternate, simple; short-petiolate, 1-3” long and up to 1.6” wide, oblong-ovate; shiny green with prominent lateral veins impressed above and pronounced below; margins entire to slightly wavy
  • FLOWER: very small, ca. 0.08” (2 mm) broad, greenish, functionally unisexual, plants functionally dioecious; flowers born in axillary and terminal panicles; flowering March to June
  • FRUIT: blue-black oblong drupe to 3/8” long, maturing July to October
  • TWIGS: fine lateral branches, reddish brown, smooth
  • BARK: smooth, green-gray
  • FORM: high-climbing vine, climbing by twining; its twining action can form indentations in the trunks of trees on which it climbs
  • HABITAT: bottomland hardwood forests, various other mesic forests, fencerows, thickets, brushy rangeland
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative (FAC): Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: southeastern US; also Yucatan Peninsula and adjacent Guatemala
    [Global Distribution Map]  [US County Range Map]
  • USES: stems used for wicker furniture
  • WILDLIFE: high-value whitetail deer browse; many mammals and at least 17 species of birds are reported to consume fruit
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. woody twining vine with smooth green stems
    2. eaves shiny above, with conspicuous lateral veins; margins can be slightly wavy
    3. fruit a purple oblong drupe