red buckeye
Aesculus pavia
  • LEAVES: opposite, palmately compound, deciduous; coarsely serrate; glabrous with age; normally 5 leaflets, but a range of 3 to 7
  • FLOWER: terminal panicles; reddish; each 1-1.5 inches; petals long-clawed; March to April, when leafing-out
  • FRUIT: 1.5-2” diameter; leathery husk, smooth; contains 1 to 3 seeds with prominent scar
  • TWIGS: stout, opposite, reddish brown; raised lenticels; leaf scars triangular to round, 6-7 bundle scars, v-shaped
  • BARK: gray to brown; thin, smooth; weakly fissured
  • FORM: small tree, 20-25’, 4-6” diameter
  • HABITAT: well drained sites, Louisiana hill country
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative Upland (FACU): Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: Texas to Illinois to North Carolina to Florida
  • USES: nuts and sprouts poisonous to domestic animals; ornamental
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. opposite palmately-compound leaf
    2. flower: reddish panicle
    3. fruit with smooth leathery husk

    NOTE: leaves can be confused with Virginia creeper, a vine, which has a flatten and grooved petiole