red chokeberry
Aronia arbutifolia
  • LEAVES: alternate, simple, deciduous; oval to obovate; glabrous above, densely tomentose below; glandular-serrate; glandular midrib upper - small red dots
  • FLOWER: clusters of white to purplish, each 8 to 12 mm; March to May
  • FRUIT: globose pome; red or bluish black; loose compound cluster (cyme); stems long, slender; persistent into winter; astringent
  • TWIGS: slender ascending branches
  • BARK:
  • FORM: rhizomatous colonial shrub, slender ascending to spreading branches; 3 to 8 ft
  • HABITAT: swamps, wet woods, sour wet soil
  • RANGE: eastern US
  • USES: ornamental - red fall color; fruit minor game food; treatment of scurvy
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. glandular upper midrib
    2. glandular-serrate margin
    3. densely tomentose below