Celtis laevigata Willd.
  • LEAVES: alternate, simple, deciduous; blades lanceolate to lance-ovate, sometimes falcate; leaf bases asymmetrical, margins entire or toothed near apex; lower-most lateral veins palmate
  • FLOWER: greenish, near tips of branches; flowering in spring while new leaves emerge
  • FRUIT: dull orange drupe, 1/4” diameter, maturing in fall
  • TWIGS: light green to reddish brown, lustrous, glabrous or pubescent
  • BARK: smooth, light gray, mottled, with corky warts
  • FORM: medium-sized tree, to 80’ x 3’ diameter
  • HABITAT: bottomland hardwoods, wet to mesic hardwood flatwoods, well-drained hardwood or mixed pine-hardwood forests with rich soil
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative Wetland (FACW): Usually occurs in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: southeastern US  [USGS Range MAP]
  • USES: wood of lower quality, grain resembles oak (“fake oak”), wood takes stain easily; used for furniture, boxes, veneer
  • WILDLIFE: fruit eaten by song and game birds; good fall and winter food for turkeys; commonly browsed by whitetail deer, reported to be very important browse in Atchafalaya Basin
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. smooth gray bark with corky warts
    2. lanceolate leaves with asymmetrical bases and partially toothed margins
    3. distinct leaf venation
    4. fruit a dull orange drupe maturing in fall