Hamamelis virginiana
  • LEAVES: alternate, simple, deciduous, obovate and asymmetrical; wavy to crenate margins; 2 to 5 inches; often on spur shoots
  • FLOWER: bright yellow; thread-like petals, twisted; October to January
  • FRUIT: capsule, woody, 1/2 inch, two beaked, persistent
  • TWIGS: zigzag, reddish to orange; buds 1/2 inch, hairy
  • BARK: brown; smooth when young, scaly when old
  • FORM: shrub to small tree; < 25 ft; flattened, irregular, spreading crown
  • HABITAT: streams and swamp margins; understory; moist; upland mixed hardwoods
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative Upland (FACU): Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: eastern US
  • USES: erosion control; wildlife cover; extract used as an astringent; best branches for water-divining
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. winter, yellow flowers
    2. wavy leaf margins; unequal bases
    3. persistent capsules
    4. spreading crown form