heartleaf peppervine
Ampelopsis cordata Michx.
  • ALTERNATE COMMON NAME: false grape, simple-leaf ampelopsis
  • LEAVES: alternate, simple, deciduous, grape-like, blade bases truncate or subcordate, margins coarsely toothed; color yellowish-green
  • FLOWER: panicle; June to July
  • FRUIT: a berry changing color during ripening from green to orange to pink to purple to blue when ripe
  • TWIGS: pith white, continuous through nodes (pith of Vitis (true grape) is brown and not continuous through nodes)
  • FORM: woody vine, climbing by tendrils
  • HABITAT: edges of bottomland hardwood forests, open disturbed areas on poorly drained soil, waste areas
  • WETLAND DESIGNATION: Facultative (FAC): Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast Plain Region
  • RANGE: southeast US; Virginia to Nebraska, Florida to Texas [MAP] [Map Color Key]
  • WILDLIFE: whitetail deer readily browse this species and can consume large quantities of fruit; fruit is also consumed by various birds
  • Best Recognition Features:
    1. woody vine climbing by tendrils
    2. yellow-green grape-like leaf
    3. white pith continuous through nodes
    4. berry that changes color during maturation, thus the fruiting inflorescence has multi-color fruits at different stages of maturity